In 328, Statira's fiancé Mazaeus had died, without marrying the woman he was supposed to marry. In his list of marriages that occurred at Susa, Arrian (c. 86 – after 146), calls her "Barsine". She became the first formal wife of Alexander III “the Great”. [8] It was fairly common practice for conquering rulers to marry the widow or daughter of the man they had deposed. She was the daughter of the Persian satrap Artabazus. What are ancient texts saying to us when they describe Alexander the Great's romantic relationship with his wife Barsine, or comment on his homosexual relationship with Hephaestion? This suggests strongly that she was pregnant, because otherwise, she would not have been a threat to Roxane. According to Plutarch, Alexander fell in love with Barsine for he… Alexander and Barsine’s army stand opposite to each other at a distance. 6. Darius then offered Alexander Stateira's hand in marriage and agreed to relinquish his claim to some of the land Alexander had already seized in exchange for ending the war. The Loves of Alexander the Great , Statiera II, Roxana, and Barsine Yona Williams August 9, 2008 Continuing the loves of Alexander the Great, you will encounter two of his wives , one of which produced him a son and a lover that may or may not have given birth to a son while Alexander … Roxana aka Ruksana Conspired and Killed Alexander’s Other Two Wives – Barsine … She was probably born in 340 or 339, as we will see below. Among the captives were Darius' mother Sisygambis, his wife Statira, his five year old son Ochus, and two daughters, Barsine … In 334, the Macedonian king Alexander invaded the Achaemenid empire, and he defeated Darius in the battle of Issus (November 333; more). Roxana wished to cement her own position and that of her son, Alexander IV, by ridding herself of a rival who could be—or claim to be—pregnant. The daughter of Bactrian nobleman Oxyartes, Roxane was a Sogdian or Bactrian princess. After his death, his first wife Roxana colluded with Perdiccas to kill Stateira. [3], Stateira was the eldest daughter of Darius III of Persia and his wife, also named Stateira. Alexander declined the offer,[6] reminding Darius that he already had custody of both the land and Stateira, and that if he chose to marry her Darius' permission would not be necessary. Barsine's father's reign was an unhappy one. [4] Although Darius tried several times to ransom his family, Alexander refused to return the women. Buy flomax online. The real reason may have been another one: he had started an affair with Barsine's mother Statira. This is not true: Statira was captured in November 333 and died in childbirth in September 331. Roxana (Old Iranian Raoxshna), alternatively Roxanne, Roxanna, Rukhsana, Roxandra, and Roxane, was a wife of Alexander the Great. Barsine was captured by Parmenion in Damascus, in late 333 BC, shortly after the battle of Issus. This can only mean that Statira had not reached the minimum age to marry in 328, thirteen, which in turn suggests that she was born after 341. He married Barsine even though he already had a wife, Roxane, whom he had married in 327. Alexander's Dalliances: Fact and tradition --Courtesans --Sons and mothers: Encounters with local queens --8. lexander's Men: Fact and tradition --The enigma of Hephaestion --Bagoas the eunuch --Hector --9.Alexander the Gynnis --The gynnis tale --What was a gynnis? Artabazus and his family lived in asylum at Philip's court in between 352 BC to 342 BC, so Barsine and Alexander might have known eachother since childhood. Barsine's father's reign was an unhappy one. Barsine was Alexander's second wife Share Page of 2 Go; Next Last; Dia33mahanta Groupbie. Barsine was a noble Persian, daughter of Artabazus, and wife of Memnon. Extremely beautiful, among the captives taken at Sogdian Rock, first wife of Alexander, mother of Alexander IV. All content copyright © 1995–2020 Livius.org. After Alexander's death, his generals dismantled the empire and established their own rule over certain territories. Since we know for sure that their brother Ochus was at that moment five years old, we may assume that Statira was born in 340/339 and Drypetis in 338/337. Barsine and Drypetis were left behind in the capital of Elam, Susa, to be educated as Macedonian girls. After Memnon's death, several ancient historians have written of a love affair between her and Alexander. Plutarch tells us that Alexander had a relationship with a Hellenized Persian woman named Barsine before he even met Roxane. However, she and her younger sister must have been thirteen years old in 324. When Alexander died, his first wife and love Roxanne of Bactria was pregnant. They were treated well, and she became Alexander's second wife at the Susa weddings in 324 BC. … Posted: 2 years ago. The Macedonian conqueror treated them kindly, which was not an act of courtesy but a claim to the Persian throne: in the ancient Near East, a new king would take over the wives of his predecessor (full story). It was probably on this occasion that Barsine received her new name, Statira - like her deceased mother, who had been her husband's former lover. [4], For the next two years, Stateira and her family followed Alexander's army. Herakles, son of Alexander's mistress Barsine,[Sources: Alexander the Great and His Empire, by Pierre Briant and Alexander the Great, by Philip Freeman] Alexander IV, son of Roxane. After the battle of Gaugamela (1 October 331), Alexander occupied Babylonia, Elam, and Persia. This marriage helped Alexander to connect his family with the Achaemenid dynasty forever. At the same ceremony Alexander also married her cousin, Parysatis, daughter of Darius' predecessor. According to popular renditions of the story, Alexander was smitten at the first sight of the Baron’s young daughter Roxane and quickly proposed to marry her. Hephastian says Alexander when they could easily force Barsine to run, they can easily defeat Barsine and her army. As Plutarch wrote: A mural in Pompeii, depicting the marriage of Alexander to Barsine (Stateira) in 324 BC. [7] At the same ceremony, Alexander married Parysatis, daughter of previous Persian ruler Artaxerxes III. In 323 BC, after the sudden death of Alexander at Babylon, Roxana bore him a posthumous son called Alexander, and was murdered by Alexander’s other wife, Stateira II, as well as either Stateira’s sister Drypteis or Parysatis II (Alexander’s third wife). Among the captives were Darius' mother Sisygambis, his wife Statira, his five year old son Ochus, and two daughters, Barsine and Drypetis. [2] Tarn cites other instances of confusion, noting that by the end of the 3rd century BC, legend often confused Roxane with Stateira as the daughter of Darius. After Memnon's death, several ancient historians have written of a love affair between her and Alexander. Barsine (Greek: Βαρσίνη; c. 363–309 BC) was daughter of a Persian father, Artabazus, satrap of Hellespontine Phrygia and a Greek Rhodian mother, who was the sister of mercenaries Mentor of Rhodes and Memnon of Rhodes. [5], In 330 BC, Alexander left Stateira and her family in Susa with instructions that she should be taught Greek. Stateira II (Greek: Στάτειρα; died 323 BC), possibly also known as Barsine, was the daughter of Stateira I and Darius III of Persia. Their names She became the first formal wife of Alexander III “the Great”. Alexander’s Lovers by Andrew Chugg 131 4. Scholars have debated her name. His Offspring Alexander's children were. Barsine or Statira (340/339-320): daughter of the Persian king Darius III Codomannus, married to Alexander the Great. Alexander was Barsine's third lover, and their affair may have been a grown-up continuation of a childhood friendship. Alexander's Campaign > Susa Weddings. All rights reserved. [8] According to Plutarch's account, Stateira's sister, Drypetis, was killed at the same time; Carney believes that Plutarch was mistaken, and it was actually Parysatis who died with Stateira. Historian Elizabeth Donnelly Carney speculates that Alexander had already decided to marry Stateira and was preparing her for life as his wife. Roxana, wife of Alexander the Great. Scholars debate whether the woman is Roxana or Stateira. He had little interest in loving his new wife and was more focused on conquering new lands. Susa Weddings Background Alexander the Great marries Stateira and Hephaistion marries Stateira's sister, Drypetis, at Susa.The Susa weddings was a mass wedding arranged by Alexander of Macedon in 324 BC in the Persian city of Susa. After her father's defeat at the Battle of Issus, Stateira and her sisters became captives of Alexander of Macedon. Researchers still debate about her real name, however on her marriage document to Alexander in 324 BC she is called Barsine. She was also known as Stateira II. After Alexander’s death (323) she had his second wife, Stateira (Barsine), killed, and she gave birth at Babylon to a son (Alexander I Herakles, son of Alexander's wife/mistress Barsine [Sources: Alexander the Great and His Empire, by Pierre Briant and Alexander the Great, by Philip Freeman] Alexander IV, son of Roxane Both children were killed before they reached adulthood. Liverpool University Press. They were treated well, and she became Alexander's second wife at the Susa weddings in 324 BC. In March 324, Barsine married to Alexander, the man who was responsible for her father's death; at the same time, her sister Drypetis married to Alexander's closest friend Hephaestion (text). Alexander's Wives: Fact and tradition --Roxane --Stateira --Parysatis --Barsine --7. On his left stands a woman wearing a crown and holding a scepter. This means they were 5-7 and 4-6 when they were captured after the battle of Issus. He tells her that Athens is an idea. One of Alexander's mistresses. Alexander's biographer Plutarch of Chaeronea tells us that Alexander, "esteeming it more kingly to govern himself than to conquer his enemies",note[Plutarch, Alexander 21.7.] Despite the fact that he had already taken a Persian mistre… Roxana bravely accompanied Alexander on his campaign in India. [8], Stateira may be depicted in a fresco found during the excavations at Pompeii. It was at the palace of Nebuchadnezzar II in Babylon that Alexander breathe his last on either 10 or 11 June 323 BC. A read through the accounts of the Successor War years suggests it was the veteran of Alexander's campaigns and the former regent of Macedon, Polyperchon, who alone recalled the existence of Alexander's eldest son Heracles, a figure so Stateira II (Greek: Στάτειρα; died 323 BC), possibly also known as Barsine, was the daughter of Stateira I and Darius III of Persia. However, although he could have had any women in the world, Alexander declared he would only have Roxane if she consented to the marriage. He learned from Aristotle that ideas are divine. In the negotiations before the battle of Gaugamela, Darius offered Barsine to Alexander as his bride, adding as her dowry all country west of the Euphrates. The first child of Alexander was Herakles, son of Alexander's mistress Barsine. Alexander refused, saying that he knew that her father had already promised the girl to his general Mazaeus. Barsine was once a wife of Memnon. Barsine became the wife of her uncle Mentor, and after his death married her second uncle, Memnon. Phillip II and his son Alexander the Great created the Macedonian empire that stretched from the Danube to the Indus. Barsine was a daughter of Artabazus, a high ranking Persian and probably the former satrap of Hellespontine Phrygia. The fresco depicts a nude warrior in a purple Macedonian cloak, likely Alexander. [9], CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, page 464 (v. 1)", Pothos.org - Stateira, mother and daughter, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Stateira_II&oldid=992093288, Murdered royalty of Macedonia (ancient kingdom), People who died under the regency of Perdiccas, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 13:30. From Sogdian Rock in Bactria. Hephastian asks what his is plan. Ninety other Persian noblewomen were married to Macedonian soldiers who were loyal to Alexander; this included Drypetis, who married Alexander's friend, Hephaestion. Seven or eight months later, they learned that their father had been killed by his courtiers (text). Although many captured Persian women were treated brutally, under Alexander's orders Stateira, her mother, her sister Drypetis, her younger brother, and their paternal grandmother, Sisygambis, were treated well and allowed to retain their social status. He also tells us that she eventually bore him a child. After the death of Alexander (11 June 323), his first wife Roxane and his successor Perdiccas, saw to the murder of Statira. She is commonly confused with another Barsine who was also held captive by Alexander around the same period. At the same time, Alexander married to Parysatis, the daughter of the former Persian king Artaxerxes III Ochus. His Wives Alexander the Great had 3 probable wives however that term is interpreted: Roxane, Statiera, and; Parysatis. Arrian – Excerpts from Anabasis of Alexander, Book VII (Adapted from a translation by P. Blunt, Loeb Classical Library, 1976) 324 BCE 1. If this argument is sound, Statira was born in, say, 340-338 and Drypetis in 339-337. Roxana was the daughter of the Bactrian noble Oxyartes, born around 340 B.C.E. After Alexander's death she was killed by his first wife Roxana. Yes he did have at least one son, Alexander IV, with Roxane. Barsine's father's reign was an unhappy one. This page was created in 1999; last modified on 24 September 2020. [7][8], Alexander died the following year, 323 BC. To protect the position of her infant son, Roxane had Barsine and her sister murdered and hid their bodies in a well. Home » Articles » Person » Statira/Barsine, About Pictures Sources Countries Languages Categories Tags Thanks FAQ Donate Contact Articles Stubs. Alexander the Great Myth, Genesis and Sexuality Daniel Ogden. ... unlike Barsine, was near him in Babylon, thus under his control, while Barsine was far away. Alexander the Great definitely had concubines, but 361 sounds like far, far too many. Zand Barsine was the widow of Memnon, the prominent Greek mercenary general serving under the Persian King Darius III. At the same ceremony Alexander also married her cousin, Parysatis, daughter of Darius' predecessor. After reaching Pasargadae and Persepolis Alexander was seized with a longing to sail down the Euphrates and Tigris to the Persian Sea, and to see the mouths of the rivers flowing into the sea, like that of the Indus, and the sea in that region. Alexander's relations with women may not have been confined to marriage. When the daughter of the Persian king Darius III Codomannus (ruled 336-330) was born, she was called Barsine. Among the captives were Darius' mother Sisygambis, his wife Statira, his five year old son, and two daughters, Barsine and Drypetis. His Persian wife, Staetira may have also given birth to a son. Alexander the Great (Barsine - Europa) Terms in this set (60) Barsine. He may have had another son, illegitimately, with Barsine, his mistress for several years. Darius fled, and the Macedonian army soon captured his family. Darius cannot have been the father of the baby. In 334, the Macedonian king Alexander invaded the Achaemenid empire, and he defeated Darius in the battle of Issus (November 333; click here). Previously, Alexander had disavowed the idea of marriage to his tutor, Aristotle, but it seems that this Afghani nobleman’s daughter had changed his mind. Barsine was Alexander's second wife. However, there may have been political considerations, too: after 330, Alexander wanted to be recognized as king of Persia, and a Persian wife would surely improve the acceptance of … ( Public Domain ) Barsine may have given birth to Alexander’s son in 327 BC. Memnon introduces his wife Barsine (Claire Bloom) to Alexander. In November 333 Alexander's army defeated the Persians at the Battle of Issus. Memnon's widow, allegedly the first woman Alexander was intimate with. After Alexander's death in 323 BC, Stateira was killed by Roxana, his fir… "[5] Her birthdate is unknown; by 333 BC she was of marriageable age. Barsine From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia; Barsine (Greek: Βαρσίνη; c. 363–309 BC) was daughter of Artabazus, satrap of Hellespontine Phrygia, and wife of Mentor of Rhodes and after his death, Mentor's brother, Memnon. Daughter of Oxyartes. [4] After Alexander the Great invaded Persia, Stateira and her family accompanied Darius' army. Alexander had already married Roxana (aka Roxanne or Roxanna) the beautiful and young Persian Princess from Bactria, but as custom allowed multiple wives, he also took another wife in the mass ceremony, this time Stateira (aka Barsine), the oldest daughter of Darius and a third Persian wife, Parysatis as well. Barsine, Daughter of Artabazus Barsine was by birth a minor princess of the Achaemenid Empire of the Persians, for her father, Artabazus, was the son of a Great King’s daughter.197 It is known that his father was Pharnabazus, who had married Apame, the After Memnon’s death of in 333 BC, she felt she was free to look for another relationship. beautiful. After Alexander's death in 323 BC, Stateira was killed by Roxana, his first wife. The daughter of the Bactrian chief Oxyartes, she was captured and married by Alexander in 327, during his conquest of Asia. She was also a daughter of the influential Artabazus. [1] Historian William Woodthorpe Tarn asserts her official name was "Barsine", but she was likely commonly called "Stateira". [6] Stateira became Alexander's second wife in 324 BC, almost ten years after her capture, in a mass ceremony known as The Susa weddings [6] which lasted five days. When she saw Alexander the Great, she knew that he was the best her option. In 334, the Macedonian king Alexander invaded the Achaemenid empire, and he defeated Darius in the battle of Issus (November 333; more). Alexander says Puru is planning to attack them, let us wait and show Puru what kind of warrior and king I am. Alexander announces that they demand no tribute and that all Athenian prisoners shall go free, but they must promise to fight and provide men and arms and ships. After her father's defeat at the Battle of Issus, Stateira and her sisters became captives of Alexander of Macedon. [5] By wedding both women, Alexander cemented his ties to both branches of the royal family of the Achaemenid Empire. After the death of Alexander, Barsine was a potential rallying point in the bitter battles for power that erupted among Alexander's generals. Share. sought no intimacy with Darius' wife. Her mother died at some point between 333 and 331, leaving Sisygambis to act as her guardian. 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