ISBN: 9781351273626. When in a 1 to 1 engagement with a roman army, makedonian armies simply … Phalanxes were horrifically slow to reposition on the battlefield, and could never mount an attack that their opponents could not refuse. The cavalry was the manuever element. Remove Ads Advertisement . To start the game, I’d like to throw in a battle fought during the first Punic War, the battle of Tunis saw a Spartan Officer called Xanthippus throw a line of elephants, supported by the old phalanx of “doru” wielding Carthaginian levies at the Roman legions and with cavalry superiority on the … With Carthage no longer a threat, Rome could now concentrate their powerful war machine against Carthage's former allies. professional rather than militia, but given their weapons, they couldn't ._33axOHPa8DzNnTmwzen-wO{display:block;padding:0 16px;width:100%}.isNotInButtons2020 ._33axOHPa8DzNnTmwzen-wO{font-size:14px;font-weight:700;letter-spacing:.5px;line-height:32px;text-transform:uppercase} I guess it also depends on the time frame you are talking about, and which specific army. The hastati through triari were heavey infantry with the hastati in front, then the principes and then the triari in the rear. In the accounts i have read it seems to end in a draw. So while the armies might start the battle face to face, the cavalry would just flank the phalanx and obliterate it without encountering almost any resistance. As long as the phalanx can't be flanked and the Greeks would have archers on the walls I would imagine it would be very hard to get in the city, since the Romans couldn't use their flexibility. Download → Combined Arms Warfare in Ancient Greece examines the timelines of military … as anvils to their cavalry's hammers. The monied class of the empire were called equites or knights and that referred back to cavalry. Cole clearly loves the subject. Keeping the formation intact was the hardest and most important thing in a phalanx. ._1x9diBHPBP-hL1JiwUwJ5J{font-size:14px;font-weight:500;line-height:18px;color:#ff585b;padding-left:3px;padding-right:24px}._2B0OHMLKb9TXNdd9g5Ere-,._1xKxnscCn2PjBiXhorZef4{height:16px;padding-right:4px;vertical-align:top}._1LLqoNXrOsaIkMtOuTBmO5{height:20px;padding-right:8px;vertical-align:bottom}.QB2Yrr8uihZVRhvwrKuMS{height:18px;padding-right:8px;vertical-align:top}._3w_KK8BUvCMkCPWZVsZQn0{font-size:14px;font-weight:500;line-height:18px;color:var(--newCommunityTheme-actionIcon)}._3w_KK8BUvCMkCPWZVsZQn0 ._1LLqoNXrOsaIkMtOuTBmO5,._3w_KK8BUvCMkCPWZVsZQn0 ._2B0OHMLKb9TXNdd9g5Ere-,._3w_KK8BUvCMkCPWZVsZQn0 ._1xKxnscCn2PjBiXhorZef4,._3w_KK8BUvCMkCPWZVsZQn0 .QB2Yrr8uihZVRhvwrKuMS{fill:var(--newCommunityTheme-actionIcon)} The two terms aren’t exactly comparable. Phalanxes had mobility problems even At some times, there were distinct weapons, some lighter The Roman legions utilized a more flexible battlefield strategy, with smaller units able to move independently. Most of its vast docking bays were deserted, and the Imperium's inability to replicate its ancient technologies resulted in even minor damage creating signific… Carl S RE:Phalanx vs Roman cohort- carl 4/19/2006 8:36:40 AM "some contemporary descriptions of legions in action spoke of them as giant stabbing machines." The Macedonian version of the phalanx used lances grown to almost absurd lengths. Men At some times, there were distinct weapons, some … 90% Upvoted. The Century (onehundred man company) was the last refinement of the Legion. They tended, all things equal, to carry somewhat lighter armor. If I'm reading this correctly the cohort did not become a true battle unit untill after the Greeks were conquored. best top new controversial old q&a. The nasty secret of fighting cavalry was that if you had long weapons and the discipline to hold your formation under charge, you could generally win easily. They had View: 875. Page: 248. ._2a172ppKObqWfRHr8eWBKV{-ms-flex-negative:0;flex-shrink:0;margin-right:8px}._39-woRduNuowN7G4JTW4I8{border-top:1px solid var(--newCommunityTheme-widgetColors-lineColor);margin-top:12px;padding-top:12px}._3AOoBdXa2QKVKqIEmG7Vkb{font-size:12px;font-weight:400;line-height:16px;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;background-color:var(--newCommunityTheme-body);border-radius:4px;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-ms-flex-direction:row;flex-direction:row;margin-top:12px}.vzEDg-tM8ZDpEfJnbaJuU{color:var(--newCommunityTheme-button);fill:var(--newCommunityTheme-button);height:14px;width:14px}.r51dfG6q3N-4exmkjHQg_{font-size:10px;font-weight:700;letter-spacing:.5px;line-height:12px;text-transform:uppercase;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-ms-flex-pack:justify;justify-content:space-between}._2ygXHcy_x6RG74BMk0UKkN{margin-left:8px}._2BnLYNBALzjH6p_ollJ-RF{display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;margin-left:auto}._1-25VxiIsZFVU88qFh-T8p{padding:0}._3BmRwhm18nr4GmDhkoSgtb{color:var(--newCommunityTheme-bodyText);-ms-flex:0 0 auto;flex:0 0 auto;line-height:16px} for centuries. to either force the other side to turn, in which case the phalanx could When an engagement occurred, it would always be on the terms of the opposing army. Despite the war - … However, maniple applied to more than one group of men. Legions were more like medium infantry. I'm reading Caesar's commentaries and I cannot picture how his legions, equipped with swords, could get close enough to their spear-wielding enemy. While Alexander’s empire grew and fragmented, The Romans were busy with their arduous task of conquering Italy. � 1998 - Web. Against legions, however, the mobility issues as well as the general unwieldiness of the Macedonian lance were exposed. Every soldier would sleep in the exact same part of the camp without deviation. Out and back, a style suited for The phalanx (Ancient Greek: φάλαγξ, Modern Greek: φάλαγγα, phālanga; plural phalanxes or phalanges; Ancient and Modern Greek: φάλαγγες, phālanges) is a rectangular mass military formation, usually composed entirely of heavy infantry armed with spears, pikes, sarissas, or similar weapons.The term is particularly (and originally) used to describe the use of this formation in Ancient Greek warfare, … The javelins thrown by the maniples were also an effective formation breaking tool used to lessen the impact of enemy charges or create holes to exploit with their own charge. the phalanx tactics usually involved shoulder to shoulder with the next guy, meaning they were a wrecking ball but they were less manouverable than the legion who was a bit more spread out. In addition, the legion Looking back over my lecture notes it appears the 'maniple' (finger) was the primary formation of that era. Ancient History Encyclopedia. In contrast, the Roman gladius was great for close in fighting. The pattern of use of gladius was stabbing. The battles selected are interesting and highlights each formation’s weaknesses and strengths. Crete produced sling men The latter were used to create defense barriers around overnight camps, or on the battlefield. The Century was both usefull for additional battlefield flexibility, and for policing bandits, pirates, or counter insurrgency. weapons' reach, with the hoplites encumbered with each others' weapons. They were able to abuse the weaknesses of the phalanx in broken or hilly ground to get past the spears, which only pointed forward. So in battle, the phalanx would draw up in a line while the Romans had a [Checkerboard formation] (http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_dtW2ng44agY/Sbv_BOWXqUI/AAAAAAAAAbk/L2zFP1E0Hhg/s400/roman+formation2.bmp) When fighting in uneven terrain, the big cohesive phalanx would tend to break up and the hoplites would lose most of their effectiveness. Added to these were officers. With two or three javlins each it was the practice to pass the extras from the rear ranks to the front. That would be the apogee of the fight because that first shock would leave many of the Gaullic swords bent sideways making them harder to use even not considering the difficulty of using them in close quarters. "some contemporary descriptions of legions in In contrast, a phalanx only really works when the entire army is in one cohesive formation. They couldn't do so quickly, and they Built to sustain a Legion, it was far too large to be garrisoned by a mere Chapter of Space Marines. That is, by organizations which did not train full time. In contrast, a phalanx only really works when the entire army is in one cohesive formation. 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