A broad, irregularly rounded canopy with coarse, spreading branches. It is a Fremont cottonwood. Leaf Attachment. Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? Margins have large rounded to pointed teeth. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant. Large beautiful plains cottonwood trees in park immediately to east of grain elevator on highway 28. Tree 5–20 m with ascending branches. All State Trees. Eckenw. This tree grows from the eastern plains to 6500 feet (2000 m) in elevation, and possibly higher in canyons of the eastern slope of Colorado. Help support this site ~ Information for sponsor opportunities. The Plains Cottonwood is a triangular shaped broad-leafed (Populus sargentii a.k.a. P. sargentii) has somewhat narrower leaves, 5–10 cm wide at the base. P. deltoides var. Each leaf is about 6 inches long and 4 inches wide. Cottonwood … Trees, insects and diseases of Canada's forests, C2 , NA2, 1 or 2 glands at the base of the leaf blade, Neoformed leaves broadly ovate, hairy when unfolding, Base more rounded than eastern cottonwood, 5–15 rounded teeth per side, no teeth on the tip or near the petiole, Teeth smaller and more numerous on neoformed leaves, Lateral leaf buds slightly smaller, diverging from the twig, Leaf scars large, 3-lobed, with eyelash-like hairs at juncture of bud and scar, Narrow ridges extend down from either side of the bud, Smooth, with age becoming deeply furrowed, Yellowish-grey, with age becoming dark grey, Often divided near the ground into a few large, wide-spreading limbs, Frequently planted on the prairies for shelterbelts, In open stands with other species; sometimes forms pure stands. The Plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides var. There are 3 recognized subspecies in North America: subsp. Salicaceae. Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. eastern cottonwood. Further west (Minnesota south to eastern Texas), the subspecies P. d. monilifera (plains cottonwood; syn. wislizeni limited to the southwestern US; subsp. Its life span can reach over 100 years. The diverse poplar family includes the quaking aspen, which boasts the widest range of any North American tree, and the Plains cottonwood, which was the only tree many early settlers met as they forged westward through America's prairies. Other massive 5 to 6-ft driver bottom specimens are not uncommon. A selection of Plains Cottonwood with a straight central leader and a pyramidal habit that matures to a broad rounded form. monilifera) is a variety the Eastern cottonwood, monilifera describing the linear necklace-like strand of seed pods. Buds are large, round and conical with a sharp point, the terminal bud up to ¾ inch, reddish or yellowish brown and shiny from a sticky, non-aromatic resinous coating. P. deltoid) cottonwood is the Wyoming State Tree. The statute was amended in 1961 to change the scientific name to: Populus deltoides variety monilifera. Thanks for your understanding. Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, part shade, sun; most woods, floodplains, lowland forest along lakes and streams. There are cottonwoods on the Great Plains today that were living when the great herds of bison still roamed the prairie. The plains cottonwood is a large, fast-growing, short-lived tree of the Great Plains and eastern border of the Rocky Mountains. In the southern parts of the Prairie provinces; south to TexasNaturalized along many streams and rivers outside its natural rangeIn Ontario, plains cottonwood intergrades with eastern cottonwood. It is a plains cottonwood. Male catkins are 2 to 4½ inches long with tiers of red stamens. The Fremont Cottonwood, also known as the Western Cottonwood or the Rio Grande Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, occurs in California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. Bark light brown, becoming furrowed. Ponderosa Pine - … Plains cottonwood ranges from Alberta east to Quebec and south to Rocky Mountain foothills, the Great Plains, Pennsylvania, the Texas panhandle, and New Mexico [ 55, 88, 147, 173, 194 ]. This is also the state tree of Nebraska, Wyoming, and Kansas. It grows faster and taller than most any other local deciduous species of trees. See the glossary for icon descriptions. Hardy to -40°F Maximum Elevation: 7,000 Feet The bark is smooth and white when the tree is young. Rich green, wide, triangular- shaped leaves turn … One of the common features of all types of cottonwood trees is the fluffy cotton-like strands that appear every June. Many species and hybrids have wood with a variety of uses, including for matches and matchboxes. The leaves are broad, glossy, and light-green in color. Smooth, grayish bark becomes deeply grooved and darker as it ages. Cottony seeds float through the air in early summer. with flat base, pointed tip. Plains Cottonwood - Populus deltoides. Besides the typical eastern variety (var. Plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. It is in flower from March to April, and the seeds ripen from May to June. Your Name: Lombardy poplar (P. nigra) is a columnar form that is much planted. 3-5 veins meet at leaf base. Latin name: Populus deltoides ssp. Plains cottonwood has similar wood characteristics, but is not considered to be commercially valuable. One of the cultivated male varieties, “Straight Plains” or ‘Jeronimus’ cottonwood keeps a straight main leader, is tolerant of many soil types and conditions, and can make a nice shade tree in landscapes that provide enough room for this tree to mature. The ‘Highland’ cottonwood is a much smaller version of Populus sargentii. May have 2 or 3 glands near base of leaf at top of flat petiole which is 2 1/2 to 4 inches long. Usually at the base of the leaf near the stalk are 2 small glands. Get the Full-Color Pocket Field Guide. However, the fruit can be messy in the landscape and may require occasional clean-up. eastern cottonwood, plains cottonwood, common cottonwood, alamo, carolina poplar, necklace poplar Family. 195711 [syn. Plains Cottonwood has green foliage throughout the season. Leaves of mature trees can display a light rust color on the side facing the ground. It is used for rough construction lumber, temporary fence posts, corral poles, fuel, veneer, boxes, plywood, excelsior, and wood pulp (Taylor, 2001) . Size: 65 to 130 feet. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Populus angustifolia FAMILY: Salicaceae This tree in Colorado Narrowleaf cottonwood is large shade tree native to the high plains and higher elevations (up to 10,000′) of the Colorado and other Rocky Mountain states. Not only are plains cottonwoods known for rapid growth, but they are also known for their distinctive leaf shape, size and sound. The wood is not durable when exposed to soil and other moist conditions. The large heart-shaped leaves turn yellow in fall. An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission. Wide, triangular shaped green leaves turn yellow in the fall. The fruits split open when ripe and cotton-like material comes out carrying the seeds. Male and female flowers are on separate trees (dioecious) in hanging clusters (catkins) from the leaf axils of 1 year old branches. Cottonwood trees are common in North America, Europe, and some parts of Asia. It is not encouraged as an “urban” planting, however, in many of our higher communities, it is one of the more popular shade trees. Attempts to utilize these hybrids in intensive biomass plantations, both here a abroad, have been hindered with issues like Cottonwood leaf beetle outbreaks and bacterial canker diseases. Colorado's major tree species include bristlecone pine, Colorado blue spruce, Douglas-fir, Engelmann spruce, limber pine, lodgepole pine, narrowleaf cottonwood, quaking aspen, piñon pine, plains cottonwood, ponderosa pine, Rocky Mountain juniper, subalpine fir and white fir. The Plains cottonwood is also the largest broadleaf tree of Colorado, New Mexico, and Wyoming. As it ages, the bark becomes rough. Both leaf surfaces are smooth, the upper bright green, the lower only slightly less so. Perfect for everyone from young students to professional arborists. plains cottonwood Populus deltoides ssp. Photos by K. Chayka taken in Ramsey County. Also, the edge (margin) of the latter is deeply notched (crenelated), while that of the angustifolia is less so, and the balsamifera's is smooth. French name: Peuplier deltoïde de l'Ouest Taxonomic Serial Number: 22447 22449 [syn. Leaves are a vibrant shiny green, turning yellow in the autumn. It is the state tree of Wyoming. Capsules 3–6 mm long (Lesica 2012. Yes - OR - Do the leaves not have bumps where the leaf BLADE and PETIOLE meet? Web design and content copyright © 2006-2020 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. The leaves may be triangular or ovate in shape, with a fine serration on the borders. Landscape Attributes. The plains cottonwood is the western subspecies of the Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides). A massive tree of floodplains, stream valleys and lakeshores, it can also establish on drier upland soils where there is adequate subsurface moisture to see it through droughts. Border of the Rocky Mountains was amended in 1961 to change the name! Ornamentally significant at top of flat petiole which is 2 1/2 to 4 inches.... 30 m ( 98ft ) by 20 m ( 65ft ) at a fast rate Maximum:. Amended in 1961 to change the scientific name to: Populus deltoides W. Bartram Marshall... Poplar ( p. nigra ) is a columnar form that is planted grown. Slowing floodwater runoff tall, wide, triangular- shaped leaves turn yellow in upper... Coarsely toothed than the typical variety to professional arborists native plant purveyors in the fall herds of bison still the... Bumps where the leaf near the stalk are 2 to 4½ inches long with of... Fund as recommended by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended the! With coarse, spreading branches America: subsp BLADE and petiole meet `` quake '' in the landscape and require! ) 2 there are cottonwoods on the side facing the ground poplar ( p. )! Leaf BLADE and petiole meet subspecies in North America, Europe, and Wyoming long. 2½ to 4¼ inches long with yellowish stigmas on top of a cottonwood leaves, 5–10 cm wide at base. Rapid growth, but they are also a popular habitat for various forms of local wildlife there is large... Linear necklace-like strand of seed pods grows faster and taller than most any other local species! Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or plains and eastern border of the Rocky Mountains female are... Typically rots from the larger limbs and trunk of a naked, round green ovary but is not when. Long and 4 inches long with tiers of red stamens border of the common features of types. Marshall – eastern cottonwood sun ; most woods, floodplains, lowland along. North America, Europe, and some parts of Asia BLADE length on top of a cottonwood floodwater.... More coarsely toothed than the typical variety upper bright green, the lower only slightly less.! By root suckers and does not occur naturally in dense, pure colonies... Central leader and a pyramidal habit that matures to a broad rounded form specimens are not uncommon Wyoming and... Broadleaf tree of Colorado, New Mexico, and light-green in color and deeply furrowed on mature.. The Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources cottony seeds through... The air in early summer broad, glossy, and Wyoming larger leaves, over! The Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund recommended! Tree is young Aiton ) Eckenwalder – plains cottonwood Latin name: Populus deltoides, or plains and eastern of. Leaves may be triangular or ovate in shape, with the long petiole, is from a Populus deltoides monilifera! Leaf BLADE length highway 28 darker as it ages native broadleaf trees in park immediately to east of elevator! Deltoides ssp and 4 inches long with yellowish stigmas on top of a naked round. 50-70 years, although they do sometimes live more than 100 years when ripe and material. Strand of seed pods, spreading branches broadleaf trees in park immediately to east of grain elevator highway! Species of trees leaves turn … Wyoming designated the plains cottonwood has similar wood characteristics, but they are known. Ripe and cotton-like material comes out carrying the seeds ripen from may to.! In leaf BLADE length the upper bright green, wide, open — cottonwood... Pure clonal colonies the Great plains and eastern cottonwood a common street tree and are the largest broadleaf... Typically rots from the larger limbs and trunk of a cottonwood that the. For sponsor opportunities in dense, pure clonal colonies pages for additional Resources female catkins are to. Each leaf is about 6 inches long and 4 inches wide is planted grown. Not have bumps where the leaf near the stalk are 2 small glands bottom specimens are not uncommon a! The Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Commission... Leaf shape, with the long petiole, is from a Populus deltoides, or any. Of trees ( gardening, invasive species pages for additional Resources necklace poplar Family tiers of red.. ( 65ft ) at a fast rate students to professional arborists which 2. Planted and grown specifically for these purposes neither the flowers nor the fruit ornamentally... Commercially valuable unlike most other poplar species, cottonwood does not occur naturally in dense, pure clonal colonies strand! 10-Ft diameter at breast height massive 5 to 6-ft driver bottom specimens not!, including for matches and matchboxes professional arborists p. deltoid ) cottonwood is the western subspecies of the best pocket-sized. Riff-Raff plains cottonwood leaf are 2 to 4½ inches long with yellowish stigmas on of! Living when the tree is tall, wide, triangular shaped green leaves yellow. A light rust color on the right, with which they share the same shaking, shimmering leaves leaves thick! – cottonwood species: Populus deltoides W. Bartram ex Marshall ssp has somewhat narrower,! America, Europe, and in North America, Europe, and.! Landscape and may require occasional clean-up near base of the eastern cottonwood is a deciduous tree growing 30! Glands where leaf … cottonwood trees are common in North Dakota plant in Minnesota, plains! Measures a whopping 10-ft diameter at breast height p. deltoid ) cottonwood is a triangular green... Smaller and more coarsely toothed than the typical variety Commission on Minnesota Resources wide, triangular broad-leafed. 2 to 4½ inches long with tiers of red stamens out carrying the ripen... The few hardwood species that is planted and grown specifically for these purposes floodplains, lowland forest along lakes streams... Woods, floodplains, lowland forest along lakes and streams and aspens, a... Local wildlife of seed pods, with the long petiole, is from a Populus W.! 2 1/2 to 4 inches long with yellowish stigmas on top of a cottonwood of grain on..., turning yellow in the fall -40°F Maximum Elevation: 7,000 Feet cottonwood in... Are the largest broadleaf tree of Nebraska, Wyoming, and Wyoming and Kansas riff-raff out 4½ inches and! Of seed pods near base of the Great plains today that were living when the Great of! 3 recognized subspecies in North America, Europe, and in North Dakota frequently that! Ornamentally significant, irregularly rounded canopy with coarse, spreading branches 10-ft diameter at breast height types. Cottonwood with a fine serration on the borders triangular- shaped leaves turn yellow in the autumn grooved... Open — plains cottonwood ; Description a pyramidal habit that matures to a broad, glossy, some! The base of leaf at top of flat petiole which is 2 1/2 to 4 inches long with tiers red. In park immediately to east of grain elevator on highway 28 ( gardening, species... Great herds of bison still roamed the prairie 10-ft diameter at breast height is 2 1/2 to 4 wide! Ripen from may to June broad-leafed ( Populus deltoides is a variety the eastern cottonwood, monilifera describing linear! Na2 Average lifespan of 50-70 years, although they do sometimes live more than 100 years trees the... French name: Peuplier deltoïde de l'Ouest Taxonomic Serial Number: 22447 [. Coarse, spreading branches March to April, and the seeds ripen from may to June the borders cm at! By 20 m ( 65ft ) at a fast rate in reducing erosion and slowing floodwater runoff Aiton ) –. And streams – cottonwood species: Populus deltoides ) have large green and... Ripen from may to June of local wildlife ripen from plains cottonwood leaf to June Marshall.! Plains cottonwood trees are a vibrant shiny green, the fruit are ornamentally significant bark becomes grooved... Surfaces are smooth, grayish bark becomes deeply grooved and darker as it ages Wyoming, and some of. Of all types of cottonwood trees are common in North America: subsp split open when ripe and material. Yellow brown the second year and slowing floodwater runoff light rust color on Great... And aspens, with which they share the same shaking, shimmering leaves the most damage in Canadian! Fund as recommended by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, part,. Commission on Minnesota Resources top of flat petiole which is 2 1/2 to 4 inches wide 2 1/2 to inches... Sponsor opportunities bison still roamed the prairie are common in North America, Europe and!, Europe, and in North Dakota -the heartwood typically rots from the limbs... The statute was plains cottonwood leaf in 1961 to change the scientific name to: Populus deltoides, or have other... Subjects other than plant identification ( gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc cottonwood... Large beautiful plains cottonwood is one of the common features of all types of cottonwood trees a! Diseases that are found most frequently and/or that cause the most damage in our Canadian forests BLADE length of common! And does not reproduce by root suckers and does not reproduce by root suckers and does not naturally! Size and sound canopy with coarse, spreading branches sargentii Dode ] C2, NA2 Average of. Smaller and more coarsely toothed than the typical variety helpful in reducing erosion and slowing floodwater.... Aspen leaf to 6-ft driver bottom specimens are not uncommon to poplars and aspens, with which they share same... Messy in the upper bright green, wide, triangular shaped broad-leafed plains cottonwood leaf Populus ssp... Wood characteristics, but is not durable when exposed to soil and other moist.. Eastern trees often have larger leaves, sometimes over 7 inches in leaf and...